In the past decade, in response to changing social demands, the pedagogical effects attributed to physical education and sports in schools have become significantly more complex and therefore, more appreciated. In parallel with this, the significance of their effects on the physical development and health of students have also become widely recognised. Surveys on how students spend their free time show that PE and sports in schools are the only opportunities for regular and proper intensity physical activity for most of them. Research studies revealed the positive effects of PE on students’ health and their academic achievement. Positive experiences in PE strengthen commitment to an active lifestyle, not to mention the favourable effects on the development of personality.